Identify wood. Before 1900, most furniture was made with woods like walnut, oak, mahogany, rosewood, fruitwoods, and rare wood veneers and inlays were in commonly used. Walnut burl veneers are also common on edges and trim in larger pieces. Pine is a soft wood with a straight grain. The … Consider the weight and hardness of the wood. A good place to start when identifying furniture is often to figure out what period it's from. with. Wood has two kinds of grain, a close grain and a coarse grain: It can look similar to mahogany, but has fine black or white rings and is much heavier lumber. There are many books and online resources to use, but experience This gives the wood grain an uneven appearance. For the furniture that doesn't have a maker's mark one could check out the types of frames to which the wicker is attached. These are some of the most common Pine was frequently used to make furniture that was intended to be painted or veneered. Here is some basic information about wood: There are two kinds of wood, soft and hard: Wood has two kinds of grain, a close grain and a coarse grain: Tips for determining if the wood is veneered: Your email address will not be published. Wood that have to be imported cost much more then wood found native to a country. Don’t touch the furniture until you know its value. Walnut is native to North America and Europe. There are additional variations within each wood type, such as Very early furniture -- before 1700 -- is mostly oak, but from 1700 on, mahogany and walnut were widely used. Share. The timber commonly has straight grain and is white or pale yellow, which darkens over time. In the 17th century Europe started to use oak to make furniture. Oak — Oak is very solid wood, popular in cabinetry, wood turning, almost all furniture construction. There are several ways you can identify an antique furniture item. It varies in colour from … ", How to Identify Different Types of Wood in Antique Furniture, Make Your Couch Cushions More Comfortable. Walnut is a hardwood that has a close grain. Where to Sell Your Antiques and Collectibles? There are additional variations within each wood type, such as “knotty pine” or “bird’s-eye maple,” that can complicate the identification process. Softwoods are usually conifers, while hardwoods are from deciduous Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The wood is almost pink when first cut, but darkens with age to beautiful browns and reds. Inlay is a decorative trimming where materials other than wood is inlaid into wood. types of woods to be used in furniture for their various qualities. Round tabletops should be out of round, meaning they should be slightly oval. Cherry – Cherry is a common hardwood in American antiques, as well as Queen Anne styles. Frequently used shapes where flowers and birds.  Many exotic wood such as satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were used for marquetry. There are some woods that are more valuable than others. Look over your furniture in areas such as the backside or underside. This is only short overview on how Other raw forms of walnut can be browns and whites, but antique pieces appear in yellow-browns as walnut lightens with age. Elm is native to North America and Europe Like maple, elm was frequently veneered. Significant Furniture Design Periods. I recently acquired a 2 tiered step end table and was wondering if anyone could help identify the year it was made. Mahogany was popular in England during the mid 18th century. “knotty pine” or “bird’s-eye maple,” that can complicate the identification Here are a few tips on how to determine the age of a piece of furniture. Rosewood is also heavier than mahogany. Antiques, Collectibles and Auctions resources. Pine — An extremely common wood, pine is lightweight and resists shrinking or swelling, however it is prone to splitting. The preferred furniture woods were readily available, so less attractive or durable wood… If the piece of furniture is very dirty or encrusted with wax, clean it first with a mixture of denatured alcohol, white vinegar, and kerosene, in equal parts. It can be tempting to want to … Red and Brown are two common colors of mahogany. Rosewood got it’s name because of the rose scent the wood gives off when cut. The first aspect is the joinery; machine-cut furniture was not produced until about 1860. The foot component of an antique furniture item describes the small piece of timber that is attached to the leg of a chair, table, or stool that supports the item, and there are many different styles, as you can imagine. Lower quality joints include … Veneering is when thin sheets of a more valuable wood are glued to a less valuable wood. Oak is a hardwood that has a coarse grain. Parquetry: Parquetry and marquetry are similar. Elizabethan (1520–1620) Early American … Royal Doulton – Celebrity and Artist Collaborations, How to Tell if a Royal Doulton is a Fake, Forgery, or Reproduction. answer. It has a distinctive grain pattern and ranges from light brown to red, sometimes with a ribbon effect. Examine the level of work that went into the furniture from the joinery, finishing, knobs, and more. Common materials used for inlays: Gilding is where gold leaf is applied with a plaster like substance to wood. Using a lovely antique oak child's chair, we run through some of the obvious points to look out for when hunting for genuine antique furniture. Lumber is often divided into soft and hardwood. Look closely at the the different elements that make the piece of furniture. types of antique woods used in history and still used today. Maple is native to Europe and North American. Pictured is Chinese Rosewood with intricate carvings and inlay. If the wood is a soft wood your fingernail will leave an indention. Another type of maple is bird’s eye maple. Wood shrinks with time, loosening joints, and use often wears hand carvings and embellishments smooth. Marquetry: This is a technique where various types of wood are applied to the surface to produce a picture. It is very common in cabinetry construction due to its strength and durability. The first step to finding out if your attic clutter is actually buried treasure is to identify the maker of the furniture. Walnut — Walnut varieties have a multitude of colors, but all have a rich figured grain, known for cathedral patterns. Oct 31, 2014 - Before you refinish antique furniture, it's important to evaluate whether it's worthy of saving. Coarse grain is where the age rings of the wood are far apart or open grain. 4,142 4.1K. Furniture labels and marks have been used since the 19th century, and the number of marks out there is mind-boggling -- in his book Arts and Crafts Shopmarks, author It is pale and is knotted. You all did a fantastic job on my Great Grandmother's dining table and chairs. antique furniture or the type of wood it is made from, bring it in to us! Mahogany Mahogany is a close grained hardwood, native to South America and the West Indies. This was very popular in France. You will often see it used on dining tables and dressers, sometimes solid or commonly as a veneer. With a myriad of ways to cut and stain wood, it can sometimes be difficult to determine the type of wood used in antique furniture and trace it to a specific period. Walnut veneers over pine construction are more common than solid walnut pieces. If the wood is a soft wood your fingernail will leave an indention. Here is a selection of woods used on antique furniture, below is a comprehensive guide into the woods and history behind each type of timber used throughout the centuries. Oak is highly popular in furniture that dates from 1700 to earlier years. Antique Furniture – Types of Wood. Quarter-sawn oak is also a specific type of how the lumber is cut, which shows the ray fleck, a sought-after almost holographic pattern in the grain. There are also special types of walnut including burled (closed scrolling grain), circassian walnut, and American fireside. There are several things to look for when examining a piece of furniture that help to identify it as an antique. With Maple is a hardwood that has a coarse grain. Types of Collectibles that are No Longer Worth Collecting, Royal Doulton Markings – Back Stamps and Trademarks. Oak is very popular in the Arts and Crafts movement. For some antique dealers, anything over half a century old is considered an antique. Hummel Figurines and Collectibles Value Chart - Hummel Price Guide. Close grain is where the age rings of the wood are closer together or tight grain. Walnut and mahogany were prevalent between the years 1700 to 1800, and maple and cherry were common from 1800–1900. Rosewood can easily be confused with mahogany. Many times lighter woods (elm, maple or oak) are stained to look like darker woods such as mahogany or rosewood. Rosewood is native to India, West Indies, and South America. Required fields are marked *. Early Colonial (1640-1730) Shortly after the first European colonists arrived in … The colors of walnut can vary from a light walnut to a rich golden brown color. Share. This is due to the rarity or availability of the wood.  Veneered furniture  has a lower value  than a piece that is made of solid wood. How to Tell If a Swarovski Crystal Collectible is Real or Fake? When identifying antique chairs, it's important to have a basic knowledge of the significant design periods and the important types of chairs. The Spruce / Elise Degarmo If you are trying to determine the age of a piece of American antique furniture, it will require investigative work. Their furniture was made with maple, oak, walnut, birch, and cherry, as well as pine. ... More than likely it is maple wood … Wood shrinks over time, and only in one direction. I’m looking for information on wood furniture. Here is a brief description of some of the more common styles of furniture feet, which can help … When you look closely at rosewood you will see fine black or white rings. Oak is native to North America and Europe. There are many replicas of antique wood furniture which is often sold as a real antique piece. American Colonial furniture was dependent on the local availability of wood. If the wood is a hard wood your fingernail will leave no mark. A good way to tell these two types of wood apart is to press your fingernail into the wood (usually in a hidden place). If the edge is seamless then it is solid wood. While the value of an antique piece gradually increases over it’s lifetime, however the condition they are kept in can vastly effect the value of an antique. Identifying Bassett Furniture. If it’s possible, pick the piece of … The difference between the two is the subject matter. Share. Some basic points to take into consideration to identify antique wood furniture are as follows: Patina: Antique furniture has a rich beautiful finishing. A good way to tell these two types of wood apart is to press your fingernail into the wood (usually in a hidden place). This furniture was first known as Streamline Maple because that was the original wood used, along with birch, which is very similar. By Lisa, 3 years ago on Identify Antique Furniture. If the piece has drawers, remove a drawer and look carefully where the front and back of the drawer are fastened to the sides of the drawer. Thanks for doing such a great job! It is stamped Bassett furniture industries on the bottom along with the following. Rosewood — This wood gets its name from the scent it gives off when you cut it, much like the flower. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. If you are unsure about a piece of A telltale sign of the furniture's maker is a manufacturing tag, label or stamp bearing the name of the creator. If you are looking for basic guidelines on how to identify Chippendale furniture, keep an eye out for pointed arches, S-shaped curves, and wooden … process. Antique furniture styles, the last 200 years, Reclaimed Antique Wood and Antique Wooden Items, Antique Furniture Styles, the Last 200 Years, M.I. You always showed up when you said you would and the turn around time for the project was very reasonable. *Note Conditioning the wood with wax will protect the wood … Key Characteristics of Chippendale Furniture. Pine is native to North America and Europe. Rosewood is a hardwood that has a close grain. If the oil absorbs into the wood, the finish is likely oil. Ash is commonly used to replace oak and the two can be easily confused. Make sure the piece is in proportion. The term “antique” can be interpreted in several ways. This article helped me a ton. Yet with so many imitations out there, it is important to be able to identify a genuine item of furniture. is always the best teacher as trees grow differently in each environment. Those may interest you: How to help us identify your antique? Look at the edges of the wood and if you see a seam then it is veneered. Identifying antique furniture is something of a challenge for most people. 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