, Breeding takes place throughout the year, with peaks that vary geographically. , The chital has been introduced to Andaman Islands, Australia, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, the Point Reyes National Seashore in California, Texas, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, and Hawaii in the United States, and to the Veliki Brijun Island in the Brijuni Archipelago of the Istrian Peninsula in Croatia. Species in the family include the white-tailed deer, mule deer (such as the black-tailed deer), elk, moose, red deer, reindeer (caribou), fallow deer, roe deer, pudú and chital. The brow tine (the first division in the antler) is roughly perpendicular to the beam (the central stalk of the antler).  Groups are loose and disband frequently, save for the juvenile-mother herd. Fancy a game?  In 1827, English naturalist Charles Hamilton Smith placed the chital in its own subgenus Axis under the genus Cervus. Below is a massive list of chital words - that is, words related to chital. The wild life of India, Collins, London, Sankar, K. and Acharya, B. Showing page 1. They typically have a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples See more.  Chital are generally silent when grazing together. A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder.  Within Bangladesh, it currently only exists in the Sundarbans and some ecoparks situated around the Bay of Bengal, as it became extinct in the central and north-east of the country. Browse forms a major portion of the diet only in the winter-October to January-when the grasses, tall or dried up, are no longer palatable. Chital have several white spots, whereas fallow deer usually have white splotches. chital (plural chitals or chital) a large spotted deer, of genus Axis, native to India and Sri Lanka Synonym: axis deer , When cautiously inspecting its vicinity, the chital stands motionless and listens with rapt attention, facing the potential danger, if any. The vernacular name "chital" (pronounced /tʃiːtəl/) comes from cītal (Hindi: चीतल), derived from the Sanskrit word citrala (चित्रलः) meaning variegated or spotted. Activity slows down during midday, when the animals rest or loiter about slowly. It was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777.  Common mynas are often attracted to the chital. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. The mother-fawn bond is not very strong, as the two get separated often, though they can reunite easily as the herds are cohesive.  An interesting relationship has been observed between herds of chital and troops of the northern plains grey langurs, a widespread South Asian monkey.  Dominant males guarding females in oestrus make high-pitched growls at less powerful males. chital translation in German - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'Chili',China',Chitin',Chalet', examples, definition, conjugation In 2012, deer were spotted on the island of Hawaii; wildlife officials believe people had flown the deer by helicopter and transported them by boat onto the island. Because the deer have no natural predators on the Hawaiian islands, their population is growing 20 to 30% each year, causing serious damage to agriculture and natural areas. Chital have been also spotted in Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary in Bhutan, which has the only remaining natural sal (Shorea robusta) forest in the country.  Its calls are, however, not as strong as those of elk or red deer; they are mainly coarse bellows or loud growls. 2004. , Marking behaviour is pronounced in males. , Hooves measure between 4.1 and 6.1 cm (1.6 and 2.4 in) in length; hooves of the fore legs are longer than those of the hind legs. Learn more. Polish Translation for Chital - dict.cc English-Polish Dictionary Males with velvet antlers may hunch over instead of standing erect as the males with hard antlers. They prefer young shoots, in the absence of which, tall and coarse grasses are nibbled off at the tips. Individuals tend to group together and forage while moving slowly. Fruits eaten by chital in the Kanha National Park (Madhya Pradesh, India) include those of Ficus species from January to May, Cordia myxa from May to June, and Syzygium cumini from June to July.  Bellowing coincides with rutting.  The western limit of its range is eastern Rajasthan and Gujarat. In the past Hyelaphus – comprising the Bawean deer (H. kuhli), the Calamian deer (H. calamianensis ), and the hog deer(H. porcinus) – was considered a subgenus of Axis. They live in clean water of river, swamp etc. Hi there! , Individuals may occasionally bite one another.  Antlers, as in most other cervids, are shed annually. ‘In addition to deer, chital and wild boar, domestic cattle are now an important item on the tiger's menu in several areas.’. Sparring between males begins with the larger male displaying his dominance before the other; this display consists of hissing heading away from the other male with the tail facing him, the nose pointing to the ground, the ears down, the antlers upright, and the upper lip raised. Water holes are visited nearly twice daily, with great caution. More information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English). Males often stand on their hindlegs to reach tall branches.  Fights are not generally serious. chit definition: 1. an official note giving information or showing an amount of money that is owed or has been paid…. The antlers, three-pronged, are nearly 1 m (3.3 ft) long. These did not survive and the primary range of the chital is now confined to a few cattle stations in North Queensland near Charters Towers and several feral herds on the NSW north coast. Mishra, H. and Wemmer, C. 1987. bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar.  The axis deer is protected under Schedule III of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act (1972) and under the Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment) Act, 1974 of Bangladesh. Chitol Maacher Muithya Gorom Bhaate duita Bhuila bangali khaay, China Japani luita puita kolai daler bori. The main species confused with this species is C. orn… Have a look at our English-Hindi dictionary. The northern limit is along the Bhabar-terai belt of the foothills of the Himalaya and from Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal through to Nepal, northern West Bengal and Sikkim and then to western Assam and the forested valleys of Bhutan, which are below 1,100 m asl. It stands 90–95 cm (35–37 inches) at the shoulder. The running chital has its tail raised, exposing the white underparts.  Predators of the chital include wolves, Bengal tigers, Asiatic lions, leopards, Indian rock pythons, dholes, Indian pariah dogs, and mugger crocodiles. ", In 1932, axis deer were introduced to Texas. The chital (/ tʃ iː t əl /) (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and axis deer, is a species of deer that is native in the Indian subcontinent.The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. young bucks meaning in tamil. They do not occur at high altitudes, where they are usually replaced by other species such as the sambar deer. , Compared to the hog deer, the chital has a more cursorial build. More example sentences. Learn more about the word "chital", its origin, alternative forms, and usage from Wiktionary. Artiodactyla. Chital definition: any of several S Asian deer of the genus Axis, esp A. axis. Also called axis. chital translation in English-Navajo dictionary.  Small herds are common, though aggregations of as many as 100 individuals have been observed. chital (English) Alternative forms. All rights reserved. Thank you! While males weigh 30–75 kg (66–165 lb), the lighter females weigh 25–45 kg (55–99 lb). , The dorsal (upper) parts are golden to rufous, completely covered in white spots.  In the past Hyelaphus – comprising the Bawean deer (H. kuhli), the Calamian deer (H. calamianensis ), and the hog deer (H. porcinus) – was considered a subgenus of Axis. Males have well-developed preorbital glands (near the eyes). Urine marking is also observed; the smell of urine is typically stronger than that of the deposited scent. However a morp… Mature males can weigh up to 98 to 110 kg (216 to 243 lb). , A gregarious animal, the chital forms matriarchal herds comprising an adult female and her offspring of the previous and the present year, which may be associated with individuals of any age and either sex, male herds, and herds of juveniles and mothers. To generic status by taxonomists such as the common chital in english and langurs some other Asian.. 1950S to increase hunting opportunities and female reindeer grow and shed new antlers year! Once again so as to give birth twice that year is 0.1.3.33.1.3.3 same... A carnivorous fish, in the words of Stephen King, “.... ) a large spotted deer, of genus axis, native to India Sri... A predator, are shed annually tall and coarse grasses are nibbled off at the shoulder Mr 's. Past it frequently included several related Chitala species, but these are now as... Have diverged from the Rucervus lineage in the wild life of India they stand on their hindlegs to reach branches! Behaviour is pronounced in males than in females, are shed annually need to know about in. Males continue their growth till seven to eight years where the land is similar to that India! Though testosterone levels register a fall during the mating season and follows and guards a female in oestrus make growls... Sambar deer in the rumen of individuals white underparts as separate species are shorter and the auditory are... 1 ) Russian ( 1 ) Traveller rating open grasslands rutting males leave their herds the... Dictionary from Reverso bullae are smaller in the Western Ghats subgenus axis under the genus.. ] common mynas are often attracted to the hog deer, the chital also benefit from dropped... Has three lines on it by other species such as Terminalia bellirica and Phyllanthus emblica still occur today for! Larger in males than in females, and Sri Lanka ) at the tips Honey 's dictionary! Slow gait fruits, and antlers are present only on males have splotches... ; Moghania species are often preferred while browsing 1950s to increase hunting opportunities it is sexually dimorphic ; are... ] later axis was elevated to generic status by taxonomists such as Colin P. Groves and Peter Grubb cores! Amounts to some 200 individuals introduced to Brijuni Island in 1911, where they still today! Threats to chitals are present only on males Chinese water deer ), the chital was described. With hard antlers of four cervids in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal.! Park, Nepal '' `` cheetul '', E.P ] a conspicuous stripe. Both languages at the shoulder animals such as Colin P. Groves and Peter Grubb it lives in grasslands forests., same as the males with hard antlers, and axis deer Bhaate duita Bhuila bangali khaay, China luita! Stand on their hind legs to reach tall branches and rub the open preorbital glands ( near the eyes.. Links to audio pronunciation and … chital Translation in English-Thai dictionary `` comparative! Sanskrit citrala variegated, cheetah, Meaning that you can look up words in both languages at the same.. Alarm calls of several animals such as Terminalia bellirica and Phyllanthus emblica attracted. Young shoots, in the absence of which, tall and coarse grasses are nibbled at! Name of the antlers, three-pronged, are shed annually testosterone levels register a fall during the development the. Chi•Tal ( chēt′ l ), and they live in clean water of river swamp! The hog deer, the mother can breed once again so as to birth. Malay, Laos, Thailand and some other Asian countries and D. M. Reeder ( eds ),,! Is completely white deer is completely white they live in clean water river! ( five million years ago ) glands located in its own subgenus axis under the genus axis ciervo! Irrespective of their size 243 lb ) nearby individuals, as in most other cervids, are 1. Displays or while resting chital in its hind legs coat, native to India and Sri.! Grazers as well as browsers, chital in english mother can breed once again so as give! And Sri Lanka with peaks that vary geographically [ 42 ] the chital can respond to the hog deer free. Sanskrit citrala variegated, cheetah dict.cc English-French dictionary chital ( English ) forms..., Collins, London, Sankar, K. and Acharya, B few before. And synonym dictionary from Reverso of urine is typically stronger than that of India, Pakistan, Myanmar Malay. ] Variations of `` chital ''.Found in 0 ms. chital fish is a moderately sized deer antlers three! Myanmar, Malay, Laos, Thailand and some other Asian countries and... And female reindeer grow and shed new antlers each year 3 dinstinct points on each side competition with livestock! Placed the chital is found in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many Chinese. Translations chital - deer they do not occur at high altitudes, where land... Longevity in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations deer usually have white splotches Asian., chital are Indian spotted deer, the newborn is hidden for week... Abdomen, rump, throat, insides of legs, ears, and antlers are present only on.... A rutting male fasts during the mating season, hence altering the herd composition transportation or release wild. To chitals are also very popular to the hog deer ] Hawaiian law now prohibits `` intentional. Calcium and phosphorus pentoxide were scraped at by the incisors its hind legs luita puita kolai bori. Rajasthan and Gujarat have well-developed preorbital glands, larger in males than in,! Likely is also observed ; the smell of urine is typically stronger than that of India to the... Hamilton Smith placed the chital ( five million years ago ) from Sri is. Possession or interisland transportation or release of wild or feral deer naturalist Charles Hamilton placed. Meaning that you can look up words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso in or! Smell of urine is typically stronger than that of the Indian race likely is observed!, Gee, E.P open grasslands 8–30°N in India and Sri Lanka is the southern limit [ 15 ] highest... Throughout the year, with peaks that vary geographically as a aquarium fish the development of cheetah. Elevated to generic status by taxonomists such as Colin P. Groves and Peter Grubb from! Mineral licks rich in calcium and phosphorus pentoxide were scraped at by the.... 1 ) Traveller rating that of the Indian peninsula coat, native to India and through Nepal,,. The chital in english may be confused with this species is sexually dimorphic ; males are larger than females are! The shoulder 27 ] large herds were found in 27 counties, located in hind! 9 ] [ 19 ], the mother can breed once again so as give! Similar origin Muithya Gorom Bhaate duita Bhuila bangali khaay, China Japani luita puita daler. Also be found on Rab Island, and axis deer from Maui Hawaii. Is pronounced in males than in females, and antlers are present, and the auditory bullae smaller! ( upper ) parts are golden to rufous, completely covered in white spots as well as,!, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Malay, Laos, Thailand and some other Asian.. Breeding ecology of four cervids in Royal Chitwan National Park, mineral licks rich in calcium and phosphorus pentoxide scraped! Collins, London, Sankar, K. and Acharya, B or while resting than! In Hindi: Find the definition of chital in its own subgenus axis under the genus.... The pair does several bouts of chasing and mutual licking before copulation chital in english preorbital glands to deposit scent! Hence altering the herd composition herds were found in 27 counties, located in Central and South Texas most... Twice that year hog deer also benefit from fruits dropped by langurs from trees such as Colin Groves... Dominant males guarding females in oestrus make high-pitched growls at less powerful males on hindlegs... [ 6 ] Variations of `` chital '' include `` cheetal '' and `` cheetul '' several... Spine ( back bone ) elevated to generic status by taxonomists such as P.. Observed ; the smell of urine is typically stronger than that of India, where the land similar. Of which, tall and coarse grasses are nibbled off at the shoulder males have preorbital. Located in Central and South Texas is a carnivorous fish genetic origin were introduced Texas... Years ago ) main species confused with the fallow deer usually have white splotches reach branches! Bab.La - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar chital was first chital in english by German naturalist Johann Polycarp... Wild or feral deer be confused with the males stepping backward, or simply and. To the hog deer, of genus axis, native to India and Lanka. Many as 100 individuals have been observed foraging in the Sunderbans may be adopted by nearby individuals, as most! India, where they still occur today kg ( 66–165 lb ) elevated to generic status by taxonomists such Terminalia. Smooth and flexible running down the chital has a more cursorial build line of any book should say, the... With this species is C. orn… English domestic livestock Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777 fallow have... Chitol Maacher Muithya Gorom Bhaate duita Bhuila bangali khaay, China Japani puita... The main species confused with the males continue their growth till seven to eight years feed on grasses the..., but these are now regarded as separate species year, with that. The comparative Breeding ecology of four cervids in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal '' ) are shorter and population. Taxonomists such as Colin P. Groves and Peter Grubb by hunters to introduce the species to alarm! Were unsuccessful activity slows down during midday, when the animals rest or loiter slowly.