[25], Breeding takes place throughout the year, with peaks that vary geographically. [1], The chital has been introduced to Andaman Islands, Australia, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, the Point Reyes National Seashore in California, Texas, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, and Hawaii in the United States, and to the Veliki Brijun Island in the Brijuni Archipelago of the Istrian Peninsula in Croatia. Species in the family include the white-tailed deer, mule deer (such as the black-tailed deer), elk, moose, red deer, reindeer (caribou), fallow deer, roe deer, pudú and chital. The brow tine (the first division in the antler) is roughly perpendicular to the beam (the central stalk of the antler). [15] Groups are loose and disband frequently, save for the juvenile-mother herd. Fancy a game? [8] In 1827, English naturalist Charles Hamilton Smith placed the chital in its own subgenus Axis under the genus Cervus. Below is a massive list of chital words - that is, words related to chital. The wild life of India, Collins, London, Sankar, K. and Acharya, B. Showing page 1. They typically have a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples See more. [25] Chital are generally silent when grazing together. A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder. [36] Within Bangladesh, it currently only exists in the Sundarbans and some ecoparks situated around the Bay of Bengal, as it became extinct in the central and north-east of the country. Browse forms a major portion of the diet only in the winter-October to January-when the grasses, tall or dried up, are no longer palatable. Chital have several white spots, whereas fallow deer usually have white splotches. chital (plural chitals or chital) a large spotted deer, of genus Axis, native to India and Sri Lanka Synonym: axis deer [26], When cautiously inspecting its vicinity, the chital stands motionless and listens with rapt attention, facing the potential danger, if any. The vernacular name "chital" (pronounced /tʃiːtəl/)[4] comes from cītal (Hindi: चीतल), derived from the Sanskrit word citrala (चित्रलः) meaning variegated or spotted. Activity slows down during midday, when the animals rest or loiter about slowly. It was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. [17] Common mynas are often attracted to the chital. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. The mother-fawn bond is not very strong, as the two get separated often, though they can reunite easily as the herds are cohesive. [14] An interesting relationship has been observed between herds of chital and troops of the northern plains grey langurs, a widespread South Asian monkey. [25][30] Dominant males guarding females in oestrus make high-pitched growls at less powerful males. chital translation in German - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'Chili',China',Chitin',Chalet', examples, definition, conjugation In 2012, deer were spotted on the island of Hawaii; wildlife officials believe people had flown the deer by helicopter and transported them by boat onto the island. Because the deer have no natural predators on the Hawaiian islands, their population is growing 20 to 30% each year, causing serious damage to agriculture and natural areas. Chital have been also spotted in Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary in Bhutan, which has the only remaining natural sal (Shorea robusta) forest in the country. [15] Its calls are, however, not as strong as those of elk or red deer; they are mainly coarse bellows or loud growls. 2004. [17], Marking behaviour is pronounced in males. [23], Hooves measure between 4.1 and 6.1 cm (1.6 and 2.4 in) in length; hooves of the fore legs are longer than those of the hind legs. Learn more. Polish Translation for Chital - dict.cc English-Polish Dictionary Males with velvet antlers may hunch over instead of standing erect as the males with hard antlers. They prefer young shoots, in the absence of which, tall and coarse grasses are nibbled off at the tips. Individuals tend to group together and forage while moving slowly. Fruits eaten by chital in the Kanha National Park (Madhya Pradesh, India) include those of Ficus species from January to May, Cordia myxa from May to June, and Syzygium cumini from June to July. [17] Bellowing coincides with rutting. [33] The western limit of its range is eastern Rajasthan and Gujarat. In the past Hyelaphus – comprising the Bawean deer (H. kuhli), the Calamian deer (H. calamianensis ), and the hog deer(H. porcinus) – was considered a subgenus of Axis. They live in clean water of river, swamp etc. Hi there! [25], Individuals may occasionally bite one another. [20] Antlers, as in most other cervids, are shed annually. ‘In addition to deer, chital and wild boar, domestic cattle are now an important item on the tiger's menu in several areas.’. Sparring between males begins with the larger male displaying his dominance before the other; this display consists of hissing heading away from the other male with the tail facing him, the nose pointing to the ground, the ears down, the antlers upright, and the upper lip raised. Water holes are visited nearly twice daily, with great caution. More information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English). Males often stand on their hindlegs to reach tall branches. [17] Fights are not generally serious. chit definition: 1. an official note giving information or showing an amount of money that is owed or has been paid…. The antlers, three-pronged, are nearly 1 m (3.3 ft) long. These did not survive and the primary range of the chital is now confined to a few cattle stations in North Queensland near Charters Towers and several feral herds on the NSW north coast. Mishra, H. and Wemmer, C. 1987. bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar. [1] The axis deer is protected under Schedule III of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act (1972)[36] and under the Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment) Act, 1974 of Bangladesh. Chitol Maacher Muithya Gorom Bhaate duita Bhuila bangali khaay, China Japani luita puita kolai daler bori. The main species confused with this species is C. orn… Have a look at our English-Hindi dictionary. The northern limit is along the Bhabar-terai belt of the foothills of the Himalaya and from Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal through to Nepal, northern West Bengal and Sikkim and then to western Assam and the forested valleys of Bhutan, which are below 1,100 m asl. It stands 90–95 cm (35–37 inches) at the shoulder. The running chital has its tail raised, exposing the white underparts. [29] Predators of the chital include wolves, Bengal tigers, Asiatic lions, leopards, Indian rock pythons, dholes, Indian pariah dogs, and mugger crocodiles. "[41], In 1932, axis deer were introduced to Texas. The chital (/ tʃ iː t əl /) (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and axis deer, is a species of deer that is native in the Indian subcontinent.The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. young bucks meaning in tamil. They do not occur at high altitudes, where they are usually replaced by other species such as the sambar deer. [17], Compared to the hog deer, the chital has a more cursorial build. More example sentences. Learn more about the word "chital", its origin, alternative forms, and usage from Wiktionary. Artiodactyla. Chital definition: any of several S Asian deer of the genus Axis, esp A. axis. Also called axis. chital translation in English-Navajo dictionary. [20][27] Small herds are common, though aggregations of as many as 100 individuals have been observed. chital (English) Alternative forms. All rights reserved. Thank you! While males weigh 30–75 kg (66–165 lb), the lighter females weigh 25–45 kg (55–99 lb). [15], The dorsal (upper) parts are golden to rufous, completely covered in white spots. [10] In the past Hyelaphus – comprising the Bawean deer (H. kuhli), the Calamian deer (H. calamianensis ), and the hog deer (H. porcinus) – was considered a subgenus of Axis. Males have well-developed preorbital glands (near the eyes). 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