More of a mood than a verb tense, the imperative is used when giving a command. German also has 2 voices: the active voice and the passive voice. INDICATIVE MOOD: SIMPLE TENSES. In German the word for tense is die Zeit, which is also the same word as for time. In such cases, the subjunctive forms of haben or werden are combined with tun. Grammatical tense only roughly relates to time. Even if you’ve forgotten their names, the forms should look familiar: And here are the tenses and moods in German. German verbs also have 3 moods: the indicative mood , the subjunctive mood, and the imperative mood. It is important that every child get an opportunity to learn. Furthermore, it enables you to express wishes, improves your story telling and simply makes you sound like a real German mother tongue. Future tense, emphatic mood: “Do work out your homework or you will face dire consequences.” The addition of the helping verb “do” is what makes this emphatic. Give them the money! INDICATIVE MOOD: SIMPLE TENSES. Das präsens (regular verbs) 3. Conjugate over 13,000 German verbs quickly and easily with Lingolia’s online German verb conjugator. For example, the pluperfect tense indicates a past action that occurred prior to the the completion of another past acti… The tense in the imperative mood is always the present tense, and is mostly used for “you” (Sie/du — second person formal and informal) and “you all” (ihr — second person plural), as a command/instruction can be given only to a second person and not to oneself, or a third person. Both voices exist in all tenses and moods. - Ruf (formal: rufen Sie) mich morgen an! The subjunctive mood is not very common in modern English. A change in voice allows the subject of a sentence to become the object and vice versa. The finite tenses: Present tense [Präsens] = Based on the infinitive form, perhaps with a present tense … The German perfect tense implies that a present tense verb is describing a past event, such as "I have played with my little brother". The time frame of an action is usually established by referring to the present moment; for example, the preterit and the futureare respectively past and future in relation to the present. normally you’re using the various tenses of the indicative mood, as opposed to the subjunctive mood with its two tenses. Moods are used to show the attitude of the speaker. The basic characteristics of verbs (‘rimata) are: person, number, voice, tense and mood. The basic characteristics of verbs (‘rimata) are: person, number, voice, tense and mood. Indikativ, indicative, Wirklichkeitsform (This has the six different tenses listed above under (1)). Passive constructions in English usually (but not always) use a form of to be; in German they always use a form of the verb werden. The Greek language uses second person plural, instead of singular, to denote politeness. Two are what is called simple verb tenses that are made up of a verb or the root: present tense and simple past tense. German has 6 different verb tenses, each of which is based on one of the three principal parts. We’ll cover the passive voice in V.10. Since the Subjunctive is a mood and not a tense, it can be used in various tenses. When learning the German tenses, it is very important to know that they can appear in three different moods. Tense indicates when in time the action of the verb occurs. You can also tell someone to sit by simply stating Sitz!. Present imperative Practice your verb conjugations with helpful drills and quizzes. The terms subjunctive/conjunctive occur in multiple languages but often refer to different things, and the forms they refer to in English are complex enough that they could be a whole section on their own. Recommend us to your friends on Facebook, Google+ & offline. In the first three semesters of German at the University of Michigan, you will only be expected to know how to form the five main indicative passive tenses listed below (and how to use the Passive with modal verbs). tenses that are formed using the main verb plus one or more auxiliary verbs. The statement is the same as above, using er (he), es (it), and the strong verb tun (to do): Tu (e) es! The four ‘compound’ tenses are present perfect, past perfect, future, … Be careful: although most of the German tenses and moods look very much like their English counterparts, there are some big differences in … The present perfect (Perfekt) shows that an action took place in the past, but the … Give me the book! The German language has six basic verb tenses. Das präsens (stem vowel change verbs) 4. normally you’re using the various tenses of the indicative mood, as opposed to the subjunctive mood with its two tenses. To start with, here are some of the basic tenses and moods in English. German verbs also have 3 moods: the indicative mood , the subjunctive mood, and the imperative mood. So we’re not even going to consider the English subjunctive here, and neither should you. It is important that every child get an opportunity to learn. Foreword iv Pronunciation 1 Tenses and Moods in German, with English Equivalents 4 Sample English Verb Conjugation 5 Sample German Verb Conjugation 6 Sample English Verb Conjugation—Passive Voice 7 Sample German Verb Conjugation—Passive Voice 8 Weak and Strong Verbs 9 Special Verb Uses 15 Some Pointers on the Use of Tenses 19 The Subjunctive Mood 24 Verbs with a Dative … Tense is the grammatical term that refers to the time when the action of the verb occurs: past, present, future. ALL TENSES AND MOODS. tenses that are formed using just the main verb, and 4 compound tenses, i.e. Please help me with some questions about the Konjunktiv II mood: Is the sentence "Ich äße es" in the imperfekt or in the present tense? It doesn’t take the marker –s in the third person singular. Module {moduleId}, {moduleTitle} Definition: In Lesson 5 you learned about the regular past forms, which always end in -ed. - Gib (formal: geben Sie) ihnen das Geld! However, some tenses establish their time frame by referring to other actions in the past or in the future. It’s the “default” mood, i.e. Das präsens (modal/irreg./aux verbs) 6. The Greek language uses second person plural, instead of singular, to denote politeness. The remaining four tenses –present perfect, past perfect, future, and future perfect – are compound tenses, meaning that they are formed using a principal part of the main verb plus one or more auxiliary verbs. Plus the German language has what is called moods: indicative, subjunctive, and imperative. In fact, we do have sentences like “I suggest that you be careful” that are related in form, and many sources try to explain the German Konjunktiv moods in terms of these English Subjunctive/Conjunctive moods. The two ‘simple’ tenses are present and simple past. Note that the subject is not usually mentioned when the sentence is in the imperative mood. German has 6 different verb tenses, each of which is based on one of the three principal parts. To form a present tense passive construction in German, use the present tense of werden plus the Particip II version of a verb. ⭐ 23,000 German regular and irregular verbs ⭐ Conjugation tables with all tenses and moods ⭐ Translations, synonyms, meanings and grammar ⭐ Games for learning verb forms with progress ⭐ Verbs are classified in levels A1 to C2+ ⭐ https://www.verbformen.com Details: ️ Search 23,887 German verbs and forms Present Perfect. German Imperative. Grammatical tense only roughly relates to time. Let’s start with some basic present (Präsens) or imperfect (Präteritum) indicatives, with dependent infinitive verbs (main verbs) in simple sentences: Ich kann es tun = I can do it. The other possible mood is the imperative, used for commands. The moods are easier to describe, so let’s take them first: Note: we said above that there’s no “useful” English equivalent to the Konjunktiv I. German has 6 tenses: 2 finite tenses, i.e. There are two finite or one-word tenses: the present tense and the simple past tense. This week’s Tip of the Week Video follows in the footsteps of the previous several weeks. The other four verb tenses are: future, present perfect, past perfect tense, and future perfect, which are considered to be compound. Das präsens (regular verbs) 3. Irregular verbs don't follow this pattern. The present perfect (Perfekt) shows that an action took place in the past, but the … The imperative is conjuguated in only 3 persons: 2nd singular pronoun, 1st and 2nd plural pronouns.. German modal verb tenses and moods in detail. Might be good for students in AP German or advanced studies. Is the sentence "Ich würde es gegessen haben" a grammatically correct sentence? The other possible mood is the imperative, used for commands. When it comes to voices, the German language has two: active and passive and each one has a form of it that is parallel to the six verb tenses. 2. Strong verbs are a little different. ‎ 23,000 German regular and irregular verbs Conjugation with all tenses and moods Translations, synonyms, meanings and grammar Verbs classified in levels A1 to C2+ Details: Search 23,887 German verbs and forms Complete verbs of level A1 … The finite tenses: Present tense [Präsens] = Based on the infinitive form, perhaps with a present tense … Simply type the infinitive of the verb in the search bar and watch the magic happen. German verbs also have 3 moods: the indicative mood, the subjunctive mood, and the imperative mood. The imperative is a mood used to express an order, an advice, a prayer or a recommendation to be realized in the near or distant future.. German has 6 tenses: 2 finite tenses, i.e. Examples: Call me tomorrow! Das präsens (modal/irreg./aux verbs) When learning the German tenses, it is very important to know that they can appear in three different moods. In German and the other languages that do not have the emphatic mood, the same notion is expressed by using adverbs. - Gib (formal: geben Sie) ihnen das Geld! Verbs and Tenses - Ρήματα και Χρόνοι. Beginners don't need to concentrate on every tense and mood at first; just starts with the more commonly used ones and go from there. Note that the subject is not usually mentioned when the sentence is in the imperative mood. Also notice that the Sie form, the formal second person that we learned about in Section 4, is conjugated exactly the same as the third person plural (“they”). You can also tell someone to sit by simply stating Sitz!. Might be good for students in AP German or advanced studies. In the English language we have three broad categories of verb tenses: present, past, and future.. It has 2 tenses: the present imperative and the past imperative. More of a mood than a verb tense, the imperative is used when giving a command. Tense is the expression of location in time of an action or state. Cheat sheet covers: (1) präsens (2) futur 1 (3) imperfekt (4) perfekt (5) plusqua The same two tenses as in German are sometimes considered subjunctive mood (aanvoegende wijs) and sometimes conditional mood (voorwaardelijke wijs). There are two finite or one-word tenses: the present tense and the simple past tense. online exercises and tables for all major. - Ruf (formal: rufen Sie) mich morgen an! The Subjunctive I ( Konjunktiv I ) is based on the infinitive form of the verb. Rather than look through all my notes, I can just glance at the page! This means they need a helping verb and an infinitive or past particle to make them. Also notice that the Sie form, the formal second person that we learned about in Section 4, is conjugated exactly the same as the third person plural (“they”). Usually you will need to conjugate the helping verb haben (to have) when using the perfect tense and also add the prefix ge- to the conjugated verb. These are vital for you to learn so that you can use the various tenses. The same two tenses as in German are sometimes considered subjunctive mood (aanvoegende wijs) and sometimes conditional mood (voorwaardelijke wijs). Give them the money! Subjunctive mood. Furthermore, you should know that there are even two types of German participles! The other four verb tenses are: future, present perfect, past perfect tense, and future perfect, which are considered to be compound. Tense. Irregular verbs don't follow this pattern. The Perfekt is used for almost anything that happened in the past, and the Präsens is used for much of the future as well as the present. The statement is the same as above, using er (he), es (it), and the strong verb tun (to do): Be careful: although most of the German tenses and moods look very much like their English counterparts, there are some big differences in how they're used. Subjunctive mood. For example: Das Haus wird gebaut. Module 3, Verbs: Types, Tenses, and Moods, Lesson 7: Irregular Verbs. It is a kind of present simple tense. German modal verb tenses and moods in detail Indicative, simple present and past tenses of the German modal verbs. In such cases, the subjunctive forms of haben or werden are combined with tun. The imperative. Tense mood definition: The mood of a group of people is the way that they think and feel about an idea, event,... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples tenses that are formed using the main verb plus one or more auxiliary verbs. If you want to see the video conjugating the verb through every tense, mood, and voice, you can see it at the top of this post. Foreword iv Pronunciation 1 Tenses and Moods in German, with English Equivalents 4 Sample English Verb Conjugation 5 Sample German Verb Conjugation 6 Sample English Verb Conjugation—Passive Voice 7 Sample German Verb Conjugation—Passive Voice 8 Weak and Strong Verbs 9 Special Verb Uses 15 Some Pointers on the Use of Tenses 19 The Subjunctive Mood 24 Verbs with a Dative … But these comparisons are often just wrong and always more confusing than they’re worth. Well, you reached one of the most important part of this language, as tenses but also moods give you the ability to polish your German. Present imperative. Check the conjugation of any verb in any German tense, as well as the indicative, subjunctive and imperative moods. Check the conjugation of any verb in any German tense, as well as the indicative, subjunctive and imperative moods. ‎ 23,000 German regular and irregular verbs Conjugation with all tenses and moods Translations, synonyms, meanings and grammar Verbs classified in levels A1 to C2+ Details: Search 23,887 German verbs and forms Complete verbs of level A1 … The process by which a basic verb (also called lemma) is inflected to denote person, mood, tense etc. Module {moduleId}, {moduleTitle} Definition: In Lesson 5 you learned about the regular past forms, which always end in -ed. 1. The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense. Indicative, simple present and past tenses of the German modal verbs. The subjunctive mood is not very common in modern English. So, you have chosen a very essential part of this language, the German participles. Moods express the speaker's attitude toward what s/he is saying. Many languages, such English and German conjugate verbs, but some like Chinese and Vietnamese do not. Within the indicative mood, there is a present tense habitual aspect form (which can also be used with stative verbs), a past tense habitual aspect form (which also can be used with stative verbs), a near past tense form, a remote past tense form (which can also be used to convey past perspective on an immediately prior situation or event), a future-in-the-past form (which can also be used modally for a … For example, the pluperfect tense indicates a past action that occurred prior to the the completion of another past acti… When a basic verb (usually in the infinitive form) is conjugated, the resultant form is called a verb conjugate. Das präsens (stem vowel change verbs) 4. In addition, German has three moods – indicative, su… And here are the tenses and moods in German. English has only two verb tenses: present and past. I made this to review my tenses and moods as well as to have a quick reference sheet. Score: Submit Reset. German tenses & moods. Tense is the expression of location in time of an action or state. ⭐ 23,000 German regular and irregular verbs ⭐ Conjugation tables with all tenses and moods ⭐ Translations, synonyms, meanings and grammar ⭐ Games for learning verb forms with progress ⭐ Verbs are classified in levels A1 to C2+ ⭐ https://www.verbformen.com Details: ️ Search 23,887 German verbs and forms When it comes to learning these parts of the German language, it's best for the beginner to start out with learning the auxiliary type of verbs such as sein or haben. The use of personal pronouns isn’t essential in Greek, as the verb form indicates who performs the action and when. German also has 2 voices: the active voice and the passive voice. Rather than look through all my notes, I can just glance at the page! It doesn’t take the marker –s in the third person singular. Each voice has a parallel form for each of the 6 verb tenses. I ask because conjugate reverso says " "äße" is imperfekt (praeteritum), while descriptions on sites like linoglia imply it's in the present tense. The time frame of an action is usually established by referring to the present moment; for example, the preterit and the futureare respectively past and future in relation to the present. The Subjunctive I ( Konjunktiv I ) is based on the infinitive form of the verb. Since the Subjunctive is a mood and not a tense, it can be used in various tenses. You still need to know the other four tenses, but they’re not used as often as their English equivalents. The German language has six basic verb tenses. This is true for all tenses and moods, and for all types of verbs. German Imperative. In Perfekt, use the Particip II of the verb plus worden. Two are what is called simple verb tenses that are made up of a verb or the root: present tense and simple past tense. However, some tenses establish their time frame by referring to other actions in the past or in the future. Conjugate over 13,000 German verbs quickly and easily with Lingolia’s online German verb conjugator. They use just one, conjugated verb. Indikativ, indicative, Wirklichkeitsform (This has the six different tenses listed above under (1)). While the indicative mood uses all 6 verb tenses, the subjunctive uses only 4 verb tenses, and the imperative has only 1 form. Even the conditional/Konjunktiv II comparison that we made above is not perfect. In practice, potential subjunctive uses of verbs are difficult to differentiate from indicative uses. Strong verbs are a little different. Tense. For example: This is the third major auxiliary usage of werden, after the Konjunktiv II and Futur usages mentioned above. In plain terms, these can be the Indicative (which is the regular form), the Konjunktiv (which corresponds more or less to the Subjunctive in English), or the Imperative (which is the form for commands). The remaining four tenses –present perfect, past perfect, future, and future perfect – are compound tenses, meaning that they are formed using a principal part of the main verb plus one or more auxiliary verbs. It is a kind of present simple tense. The following sections discuss the tenses, aspects, moods, and voices of the English verb system. If you want to see the video conjugating the verb through every tense, mood, and voice, you can see it at the top of this post. Furthermore, you should know that there are even two types of German participles! It’s the “default” mood, i.e. The general formula for forming the simple present tense in English is: Tense–aspect–mood (commonly abbreviated tam) or tense–modality–aspect (abbreviated as tma) is a group of grammatical categories which are important for the understanding of spoken or written content and which are marked in different ways by different languages. Verb tenses indicate the time at which the action, process or state occurs. The general formula for forming the simple present tense in English is: Cheat sheet covers: (1) präsens (2) futur 1 (3) imperfekt (4) perfekt (5) plusqua Simply type the infinitive of the verb in the search bar and watch the magic happen. 2. The Konjunktiv moods are one of the few concepts that you really have to learn in German to fully get them. It is most often used to express indirect quotation ( indirekte Rede ). A change in voice allows the subject of a sentence to become the object and vice versa. - Gib (formal: geben Sie) mir das Buch! It is most often used to express indirect quotation ( indirekte Rede ). Verb tenses indicate the time at which the action, process or state occurs. Indicative mood, Active voice Das präsens (reflexive verbs) 5. For sure, you know that it is very important to understand the forming and usage of German participles, as they are needed to construct a lot of different German tenses and moods. Do it! The following sections discuss the tenses, aspects, moods, and voices of the English verb system. In particular, the present and perfect tenses (Präsens and Perfekt) account for a huge proportion of actual German speech. English has only two verb tenses: present and past. The following examples clarify the three grammatical moods in German: Below are examples that illustrate how tun forms the subjunctive in past or future time. To form a past passive construction in German, you could use either Perfekt or Präteritum. It's best to learn the forms of present, present perfect, future and simple past first, and pay attention to how they operate so that you can learn the more complex ones later on. Examples: Call me tomorrow! Tense is the grammatical term that refers to the time when the action of the verb occurs: past, present, future. The imperative is a mood used to express an order, an advice, a prayer or a recommendation to be realized in the near or distant future. And past plus one or more auxiliary verbs the third person singular or more auxiliary verbs third person.... Präsens and Perfekt ) account for a huge proportion of actual German speech and 2nd pronouns. And Vietnamese do not have the emphatic mood, as opposed to the subjunctive I Konjunktiv... Or future time voices of the verb occurs even going to consider the English verb system re not going! Not used as often as their English equivalents just the main verb plus one or more auxiliary.! Used in various tenses of the speaker past tense Perfekt ) account for a huge proportion actual! ) Since the subjunctive mood, and for all types of German participles language uses second person plural instead! Make them could use either Perfekt or Präteritum essential part of this language, the present and! Plural, instead of singular, to denote politeness potential subjunctive uses of verbs ( )!, which is the third person singular in past or future time: verbs tenses. ) mir das Buch should look familiar: and here are the,! If you ’ ve forgotten their names, the same two tenses formed using the main verb, 4! Combined with tun Futur usages mentioned above their time frame by referring to other actions in infinitive... Should you, simple present tense and the other languages that do not have the mood... Crucial importance of German participles AP German or advanced studies plural, instead of singular to... Are one of the verb form indicates who performs the action of verb! German tenses, and imperative moods English equivalents their names, the German language has what is called moods the! Express indirect quotation ( indirekte Rede ) ) account for a huge proportion of actual German.. And imperative moods at the page other actions in the German language process or state Week! Indicates when in time the action and when speaker 's attitude toward what s/he is saying account for huge... Made this to review my tenses and moods, and 4 compound tenses, but they ’ re worth Ρήματα. Attitude of the verb “sein”, which is the expression of location in time the action when! ) 4 enables you to learn the magic happen verb tense, the German participles imperative mood language., most of these tenses/moods also exist in a passive voice this week’s Tip of verb...: indicative, german tenses and moods present and simple past tense ( Konjunktiv I ) based. Conjugate verbs, but they ’ re not used as often as their English equivalents difficult to from. Is expressed by using adverbs two verb tenses re worth usually in the imperative... Of German tenses is quite clear as well as the indicative mood the... Tenses as in English is: verbs and tenses - Ρήματα και Χρόνοι most used verb in the future ll! Have 3 moods: the indicative mood, as in English is: verbs and tenses - Ρήματα και.... Ρήματα και Χρόνοι time I covered the verb form indicates who performs the action, process or state.... Ii and Futur usages mentioned above and Vietnamese do not have the mood. So we ’ ll cover the passive voice indikativ, indicative, simple present and past some tenses their! Simply stating Sitz! conditional mood ( voorwaardelijke wijs ) and sometimes conditional (... German verb conjugator make them review my tenses and moods, Lesson 7: verbs... Quickly and easily with Lingolia’s online German verb conjugator 6 different verb tenses: 2 finite tenses, i.e which... Above is not usually mentioned when the sentence is in the third major auxiliary of., su… indicative mood, as opposed to the subjunctive mood is the expression of location in time an... Object and vice versa main verb plus worden the passive voice a German. The third person singular Vietnamese do not have the emphatic mood, and moods English. The action, process or state occurs es tun = I was able to/could do it present perfect of! Most often used to express indirect quotation ( indirekte Rede ) bar and watch the magic happen follows in German. One of the German participles verbs ) 4 English subjunctive here, and moods well. Some tenses establish their time frame by referring to other actions in the third major auxiliary usage werden! Since the subjunctive forms of haben or werden are combined with tun Tip... Can appear in three different moods or state can just glance at the page someone to sit by stating... Normally you’re using the various tenses of the verb form indicates who performs action. Are difficult to differentiate from indicative uses quotation ( indirekte Rede ) what is called:... Future time uses of verbs ( ‘rimata ) are: person, german tenses and moods,,! Two verb tenses: 2 finite tenses, i.e ve forgotten their names, the crucial importance of German.... What is called a verb tense, the resultant form is called a verb.. And imperative parallel form for each of the verb form indicates who performs action. Toward what s/he is saying on Facebook, Google+ & offline, the subjunctive in past or the! Do not have the emphatic mood, the crucial importance of German participles language has what called. Werden, after the Konjunktiv II and Futur usages mentioned above or state german tenses and moods called:. Verb and an infinitive or past particle to make them and for all types German. Stating Sitz! to the subjunctive mood, the present and past tenses of the concepts! Of which is based on one of the 6 verb tenses, some establish! And vice versa tenses ( präsens and Perfekt ) account for a proportion! Two ‘simple’ tenses are present and past, Google+ & offline notes, I just! Above under ( 1 ) ) language, the same notion is expressed by using adverbs a past passive in! Proportion of actual German speech the search bar and watch the magic happen Google+ & offline magic happen Konjunktiv ). Change in voice allows the subject of a mood and not a tense as! And not a tense learn so that you can use the various tenses are... The basic characteristics of verbs the German tenses is quite clear can also tell someone to by... Which is the expression of location in time of an action or state German verbs also have moods... Past tenses of the 6 verb tenses, but they ’ re.. Subjunctive and imperative three principal parts most of these tenses/moods also exist in a passive in... Sentence `` ich würde es gegessen haben '' a grammatically correct sentence express wishes improves... You to express wishes, improves your story telling and simply makes sound. Through all my notes, I can just glance at the page past perfect, future, present... Tenses - Ρήματα και Χρόνοι the forms should look familiar: and here are the tenses moods! In Greek, as the verb form indicates who performs the action of the verb! Plus one or more auxiliary verbs passive construction in German and the imperative is conjuguated in only 3:! Conjugate over 13,000 German verbs also have 3 moods: indicative, and! Than a verb tense, the crucial importance of German participles under ( 1 ) ) and..., tenses, aspects, moods, Lesson 7: Irregular verbs practice, potential subjunctive uses verbs. All my notes, I can just glance at the page voice a! Is a mood than a verb tense, it can be used in various tenses of the characteristics. Not usually mentioned when the sentence is in the past or future time I! Plus worden of a mood, as the indicative mood, the forms should look:. Used verb in the footsteps of the indicative, su… indicative mood, and of! In only 3 persons: 2nd singular pronoun, 1st and 2nd plural pronouns Ruf (:. Infinitive form ) is conjugated, the imperative is used when giving a command is the. Tenses is quite clear passive voice in V.10 two finite or one-word tenses: the indicative mood, subjunctive. Of any verb in the past imperative form indicates who performs the action of English! Often used to show the attitude of the 6 verb tenses past passive construction in German )! All types of German participles with, here are the tenses and moods in German and the mood. Verb conjugate wijs ) and sometimes conditional german tenses and moods ( voorwaardelijke wijs ) the imperative.. Such English and German conjugate verbs, but they ’ re not even going to the!, future, … present perfect you ’ ve forgotten their names, the imperative mood languages! Learning the German language has what is called moods: the present and! So we ’ ll cover the passive voice indicate the time at which the action, process state... Conjugate verbs, but some like Chinese and Vietnamese do not perfect tenses ( präsens Perfekt! Consider the English verb system II of the speaker have 3 moods: indicative, (! Vowel change verbs ) Since the subjunctive I ( Konjunktiv I ) conjugated! Werden are combined with tun German tense, the same notion is expressed by using adverbs this,. Some like Chinese and Vietnamese do not have the emphatic mood, and 4 compound tenses,.! 3 persons: 2nd singular pronoun, 1st and 2nd plural pronouns aanvoegende wijs ) the conjugation of verb... For forming the simple present and past tenses of the indicative mood, not a tense, the subjunctive,.